This page is devoted to an alphabetical listing of the veneer species that Arroyo Hardwoods carries in addition to the species origins, uses and descriptions.

Alder
Alnus Glutinosa (or Alnus Rubra), Black Alder, Grey Alder, Japanese Alder, Aune, Eis, Erle, Hannoki (Betulaceae)
United Kingdom, Scandanavia, Northern Russia, North Asia, North Africa & Japan
Light reddish brown with darker lines or stresaks formed by broad rays. Straight grained with fine texture but without lustre. Dries rapidly with little degradation. Stable in service. Weight 33lbs pcf / sg .56
Low bend & shock resistance. Low stiffness w/medium crush strength. Easy to work with; slight blunting effect on tools. Nails, screws & glues well. Stains & polishes to a good finish. Susceptible to commom furniture beetle.
Turning, handles, clog soles, laminating.

Anigre
Aningeria Robusta, Aningeria, Anegre, Aninguerie, Aniegre, Landosan, Muna, Osan, Mukali, Kali (Sapotaceae)
West & East Africa, principally Tanzania
Cream to tan w/ pinkish tinge. Straight grained (or occasionally curly.) Lustrous, w/cedar-like scent; siliceous. Texture is medium to coarse in light grades, but fine in heavier grades. Weight varies btwn 30-36lbs pcf / sg .54
Bending classification is medium as is the bend & compression strength, Moderate to severe blunting due to silica content. Good nailing, screwing, gluing and staining characteristics. Takes a good finish. Dries rapidly & well w/no checking or twisting, but liable to blue stain in early stages of air drying. No degradation in either air or kiln drying. Nonresistant to termites. Heartwood is perishable.
Furniture , cabinetwork, high-quality joinery. Used for plywood corestock and veneer.

Quartersawn Brown Ash:
Ash
Fraxinus Americana, American Ash, Biltmore Ash, Fresno Ash, White Ash, Green Ash, Red Ash, Black Ash, Brown Ash (Oleaceae)
White Ash Burl:
Tamo Ash Burl*:
U.S. & Canada
A medium/large tree, reacheing a height of 75-100 ft., w/a diameter of 2-4 ft. Color is pale yellow streaked with light brown. The grain is bold, straight and moderately open, and is normally coarse-textured and lustrous. Weight varies between 35 & 40lbs pcf / sg .60
Bending properties variable but usually very good. Good strength, toughness, stiffness & hardness for it's light weight. Can be worked fairly well with hand or power tools. Pre-drilling sometimes required for nailing. Stains, glues and polishes well. Ash is non-durable and perishable. The sapwood is susceptible to common furniture & powder post beetles.
Baseball bats, cabinets, furniture, knife & tool handles and gun stocks, pool ques & sporting goods

European Beech
Fagus Sylvatica, (Fagaceae)
Central & Northern Europe
Primarily reddish-brown in color & slightly coarse with obvious rays and pores. The grain is straight with a fine, even texture. Weight is approx. 46lbs pcf / sg .74
High crush, medium stiffness & shock resistance. Excellent bending properties. Works easily with hand & power tools. Good nailing and gluing properties. Stains and polishes to a good finish. Dries rapidly w/tendency to warp, split & surface check.Susceptible to attack by common furniture beetle and longhorn beetle. Perishable, but permeable.
Cabinetmaking, furniture, solid & laminated flooring, brush handles, wooden cooking impliments & food containers, handrails, plywood, veneer.


Red Birch:
Birch
Betula Lutea, Betula Wood, Grey Birch, Silver Birch, Hard Birch, American Birch (Betulaceae)
Europe & Scandinavia
Birch has light yellow sapwood and reddish brown heartwood. It has straight, close grain and a fine, even texture. Dries slowly with little degradation. Weight is approx. 43lbs pcf / sg .66
High bend & crush. Very good for steam bending. High resistance to shock. Works easily with hand & power tools. Curly or disturbed grain wood requires reduced cutting angles. Glues well. Takes stain and polish very well. Perishable and susceptible to attack by common furniture beetle. Sapwood is permeable.
Furniture, high-grade joinery and flooring, panelling  

Bubinga
Guibourtia Demeusei, Akume, Ebana, Essingang, Kevazingo, Okweni, Ovang, Waka, African Rosewood, Buvenga
Gabon, Cameroon, Zaire, Equatorial Guinea, Congo, Liberia and Nigeria
Medium red-brown, with lighter red to purple veins. The grain is typically straight. Fine pores are diffused throughout the wood, which often contain a reddish gum. Texture is usually medium, and surface is highly lustrous. Weight between 50 & 60lbs pcf / sg .88
Works well w/hand or power tools. Use reduced cutting angle due to interlocked grain. Moderate to severe blunting of blades. Pre-drilling required for nailing. Gluing can be difficult due to gum extrusion. Stains easily and can be brought to an excellent finish.
Moderately durable. Susceptible to attack by common furniture beetle. Sapwood is permeable. Low steam bending properties. Excellent polishing qualities
Fine furniture, tool handles, figured veneer, flooring.

Butternut
Juglans Cinera,
White Walnut (Juglandaceae)
 U.S. & Canada
Medium to dark brown in color but not so dark as Black American Walnut, which it otherwise resembles. It is straight grained with a coarse but soft texture. Weight: 28lbs pcf / sg .45
Low bend classification and lower in all strength characteristics than American Walnut. Works easily with hand or power tools. Nails, screws & glues well. Can be brought to an excellent finish. Dries somewhat slowly w/little degradation. Medium movement. Nondurable and liable to common furniture beetle.
Joinery, cabinet fittings, interior trim, furniture, veneer & paneling. Excellent carving wood.

Aromatic Cedar
Juniperus Virginiana Linnaeus, Aromatic Eastern Redcedar, Juniper, Red juniper, Savin, Virginia Pencil Cedar, Red Cedar, Tennessee Cedar (Cupresssaceae)
South Central U.S.
This species has a very distinctive forest-fresh aroma. It has the property - unique among American woods - of repelling clothes moths. Therefore, the capability of protecting clothing and other household goods from moth damage belongs only to the Eastern Redcedar. The color is light reddish brown, purplish or rose red, usually with streaks of lighter colored sapwood. Grain is fine and even and texture is usually fine.
Easily workable with hand & power tools. Usually kept unfinished to take advantage of its unique fragrance, but can take a high polish.One of the important characteristics of Eastern Redcedar is its oil content, ranging from 3 to 4%.
Chests, interior trim, novelties, pencils, posts, wardrobes, woodenware, fine furniture, turnings, moldings and wainscoting

Western Red Cedar*
Thuja plicata, British Columbia Red Cedar, Giant Arborvitae, Red Cedar (Cupressaceae)
Canada, USA (introduced into the UK & New Zealand)
Straight grained, rather coarse textured, with a prominent growth ring figure and non-resinous. The heartwood shows considerable color variation when fresh from a dark chocolate-brown to a salmon pink color, perhaps variegated, maturing down to a reddish-brown and, in time, to silver-gray - this weathered appearance sometimes sought-after by architects. Weighs 23lbs pcf / sg .37
Low bend & crush strength, with very low stiffness and shock resistance. Works easily with hand and machine tools, with little blunting effect. Nailing is good (hot-dipped galvanized or copper nails should be used). It screws well and takes stain and polish satisfactorily. Its acidic properties cause corrosion of metals and black stain in the timber. Thin stock dries readily with little degradation, but thicker sizes will hold moisture at the center and care is needed to avoid internal honeycombing and collapse. Small movement. Wood is durable. Standing trees liable to attack by the Western Cedar borer and seasoned timber liable to attack by common furniture beetle.
Green house and shed construction, shingles, interior finishing, exterior boarding and cladding, beehive construction, poles, posts & fences and veneer

Spanish Cedar*
Chamaecyparis Lawsoniana, Lawson's Cypress, Oregon Cedar (Cupresssaceae)
U.S. (Oregon & California) Introduced into U.K.

Pale pinkish-brown. Occationally exudes orange-yellow resin.Spicy odor; even, fine texture; straight grain. Weight 30lbs pcf / sg .48

Note: Not a true Cedar

Medium bend & crush strength, but low stiffness & shock resistance. Very poor steam bending properties. Works easily w/hand & machine tools, w/little blunting; finishes cleanly. Nails, screws & glues well. Produces good results w/stains, paints & polishes. Dries regularly w/ little degrdation; kilns directly from green. Moderately durable but subject to longhorn beetle & Sirex.
Ship & boat building, furniture & cabinet work, organ building. 

Cherry
Prunus Serotina, Black Cherry, Capulin, Choke Cherry, New England mahogany, Plum, Rum Cherry, Cabinet Cherry
United States
Narrow sapwood is whitish to reddish brown or creamy pink. The heartwood varies in color from reddish brown to deep red. Very sensitive to UV light, and changes to its characteristic reddish-brown, mahogany shade upon exposure. The grain and texture are fine and fairly uniform. Luster is rich and satiny. Weight is around 35lbs pcf / sg .58
Medium strength. Good bend. Low stiffness. Medium resistance. Works easily with hand and power tools. Nails, glues, and stains well. Polishes to an excellent finish. Moderately durable. Sapwood is susceptible to attack by common furniture beetle.
Cabinetmaking, caskets, fine furniture, musical instruments, scientific instruments, sculpture, interior construction, handles and wainscoting.

Cypress*
Cupressus Lindeyi, East Afriocan Cypress (Cupressaceae)
East & South Africa, Tropical Americas, N. America, Australasia, Mediterranean, Asia Minor, Himalayas
Orange to pinkish brown; straight grained with a smooth even texture. Groth rings are marked by an inconspicuous narrow band of latewood. Resin cells may appear as brown streaks or flecks. Cedar-like scent that fades with time. Weight: 28lbs pcf / sg .45
Poor steam bending due to knots. Works easily with hand or power tools w/only slight blunting, but knots can be troublesome. Nails, screws & glues well and give good results in finishing. It dries easily with little degradation & small movement. It has a high resistance to insect or fungal attack.
Strong & durable for construction, especially where timber comes into contact with ground, marine work, trunks & wardrobes, closet lining, veneer.

Ebony, Macassar

Diospyrus celebica, Indian Ebony, Coromandel, Tendu, Temru, Timbruni, Tunki (Ebenaceae)

India & South Asia
Dark brown to black, streaked throughout with bands of greyish or yellow-brown. The grain is usually straight, but may be irregular or wavy. The texture is fine and even. Weight about 68lbs pcf / sg 1.09
An exceptionally heavy, dense, hard wood. The black heartwood tends to be brittle. The material is hard to work with hand or power tools with severe blunting of cutting edges. Pre-boring is necessary for nailing and it is difficult to glue. It takes an excellent finish. Very hard to dry, the trees are usually girdled for two years before felling, and a further six months air drying in plank and stored under cover. It neeeds to be well protected against rapid drying to avoid checking & degradation. There is very small movement. Very durable with moderate resistance to termites but liable to attack by forest longhorn beetle.
Cabinet work, brush backs, walking sticks. Also used for inlay, musical instruments, billiard cues & turning.  

Carpathian Elm Burl*

Ulmus Campestris (or Carpinifolia), Common Elm, Cork Bark Elm, Red Elm, Nave Elm, Smooth Leaved Elm; Dutch, Flemish, English, French Elm (Ulmaceae)

Central Europe, Germany, UK
Various colors from tan to brick red, matches a broad range of woods. Very burly and active, w/a medium to coarse texture. Weight: 34-36lbs pcf / sg btwn .55-.58
Medium density w/low bend & crush strengths; very low stiffness & shock resistance. Dutch has good steam bending; English has tendency to distort. Poor to moderate ease of working w/hand or power, depending on country of origin & variety. Nails & screws w/o spits; glue is good & accepts stains & finishes well. Dries quickly with tendency to distort or collapse in thick stock. Medium movement.
Furniture & cabinets, turnery, food-handling utensils, coffins, boats, veneers.

Eucalyptus*

Eucalyptus Globulus, Blue Gum Tree. Stringy Bark Tree, Gum Tree, Messmate Stringybark, White-Top or Gum-Top Stringbark, Brown-Top Stringbark, Stringy Gum, Swamp Gum, Woolybutt, Tasmanian Oak, Australian Oak, (Myrtaceae)

Australia, (introduced into western US, North & South Africa, Southern Europe, South Asia)
Pale to light brown in color, w/a pinkish tinge. Straight grained w/an open texture, w/interlocked or wavy grain (fiddleback figure on quartered surfaces.) Gum veins are present. Weight varies (depending on variety & growing conditions) from 39 to 49lbs pcf / sg .62-.78
Medium bend & stiffness w/high crush strength. Steam bending characteristics vary widely depending on variety, from poor to moderate. Some buckling & fiber fracture likely. Working w/power tools is satisfactory, w/moderate blunting effect. Prebore nails. Screwing & gluing and finishing are good. Dries quickly with tendency for surface checks and distortion and internal cracking & collapse. Medium movement. Susceptible to poder post beetle.
Furnatuire, joinery, panelling, farm implements, handles, flooring, veneer. Used in Australia for plywood.

Vertical Grain Douglas Fir*

Pseudotsuga Menziesii, British Columbian Pine, Columbian Pine, Oregon Pine, (Pinaceae)

U.S. & Canada (Introduced to U.K., New Zealand & Australia)
Light reddish-brown with prominent growth ring figure. Straight grained with uniform medium texture. Weight 33lbs per cu. ft. / sg .53.
Note: not a true fir.
Coastal strains are stronger than mountain strains. High bend, crush & stiffness, with medium shock resistance. Works well with hand & power tools & medium blunting. Pre-bore for nailing; screws & glues well. Stains & finishes well with preperation. Dries rapidly & well w/o muchchecking or warping, but knots tend to loosen or split. Small movement. Resin cells can bleed. Moderately durable but subject to attack by pinhole borer, longhrn beetle & jewel beetle.
More veneer & plywood are produced from this species than any other. Heavy construction, laminated trusses, poles, piles, vats, cooperage, ties, marine work.

Hickory/ Pecan*

Carya Glabra, Red Hickory, White Hickory, Mockernut Hickory, Pignut Hickory (Juglandaceae)

Southeastern Canada & Eastern U.S.
Pecan lumber is almost always sold as hickory -- this is legal & is traditional practice. There are four pecans & four true hickories that are sold as hickory. Heartwood is brown or reddish brown in color and is sold as "Red Hickory". The sapwood is light in color and sold as "White Hickory". Hickory is typically straight grained, but can be wavy or irregular. Texture is somewhat coarse. Weight averages about 50lbs pcf / sg .82
Difficult to work with hand or power tools. Pre-drilling required for nailing. Gluing may be difficult. Stains and polishes to a good finish. Dries rapidly with little warping or twist, but will possisbly shrink. Trees and logs susceptible to attack by forest longhorn beetle. Sapwood is susceptible to powder post beetles.
Sporting goods, golf clubs, tennis racquets, bats, skis, drum sticks, tool handles, hammers, axes, etc.

Jatoba* (Courbaril)

Hymenaea Courbaril, Brazilian Cherry, Jutaby, West Indian Locust, Copal, Guapinal (Leguminosae)

Brazil
Heartwood is salmon red to orange-brown marked with dark brown streaks. It has a golden luster. Grain is usually interlocked with a medium to coarse texture. Slow drying is recommended. Tendency for moderate surface checking, warping and case hardening. Small movement. Weight is about 55lbs pcf / sg .91
Strong, hard and tough with very good bending characteristics. High shock resistance. Moderately difficult to work due to to high density. Moderate blunting of cutters. Nails poorly, but holds screws well. Glues and stains well, but won't take a high polish. Moderately durable, but not with a high proportion of sapwood. Very resistant to termites.
Furniture, cabinetmaking, joinery & turning, tool handles, stair treads, flooring, sporting goods, wheel rims, cogs 

Koa

Acacia Koa, (Leguminosae)

Hawaiian Islands
Color varies ranging from pale yellow or golden brown to deep chocolate, but usually reddish brown with light & dark bands & attractive patterns, such as fiddleback and rainbow. The wavy grain is moderate to severely interlocked. The texture is medium coarse. Weighs 41lbs pcf / sg .67
Dries easily w/o unusual degradation. Small movement. Works well with both hand & power tools. Takes nails & screws well; gluing is variable. The surface is lustrous & will take a high polish. Durable & resistant to insects & fungus.
Ideal for musical instruments (ukuleles) because of its highly resonant properties, other uses include veneer, gun stocks, joinery. Very difficult to obtain; most of our stock comes from stashes of legacy wood.

Lacewood

Cardwellia Sublimis, Silky-oak, Australian Silky-oak, Northern Silky-oak, Queensland Silky-oak, selena, louro faia (Grevillea Robusta)

Australia (Queensland)
Pink to reddish brown; is highly figured with a distinct small lacelike pattern. The wood is lustrous. Weight 39lbs pcf / sg .62 Sawdust may cause skin irritation or respiratory problems in some people.
Medum strength & low stiffness make for good bending. Works well w/machine or hand tools. Glues, screws & nails well & has good polishing properties. Perishable & subject to the common furniture beetle.
Cabinetmaking, moldings, parquet flooring, musical instruments, fine furniture  

Madrone Burl

Arbutus Menziesii, Arbutus, Jarrito, Madrono, Pacific Madrone, Manzanita, Strawberry Tree, Madronna Burr (Ericaceae) 

U.S. & Canada
Primarily reddish-brown in color & slightly coarse with burly patterns and with a fine, even texture. Weight is approx. 46-53lbs pcf / sg .74 
Tough, with high bend & crush strength. Moderate stiffness, shock reisistance and bending properties. Works satisfactorily with hand & power tools. Good nailing and gluing properties. Can have severe blunting effect. Stains and polishes to a good finish. Extrememly difficult to season w/marked tendency to warp, split & check. Dry slowly before kilning. Non-durable. Moderatly susceptible to attack by common furniture beetle and power post beetle. 
Cabinetmaking, furniture, interior fittings, turning, panelling, veneer. The burl is popular for turning & marquetry. It is the best source of charcol for gunpowder. 

Mahogany, African* (Sapelle)

Khaya Ivorensis, Sepelle, Mbaua, Nyasaland Mahogany, Red Mahogany, Umbaua, Mangona, Krala, Munyama, Mkangazi (Meliaceae)

Malawi, Benin, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Cameroon, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe
Light to deep reddish-brown. Grain is usually interlocked and fairly straight. Texture is usually medium and uniform. The wood has good polishing properties and takes a high polish. Weight 35lbs pcf / sg .56
Low bend, stiffness & shock resistance; moderate crush. Moderate blunting. Nailing, screwing & gluing characteristics are good. It may stained and/or polished to and excellant finish. Dries rapidly w/little degradation. Small movement. Liable to insect attack.
Fine furniture, mouldings, windows, boat building, cabinetmaking


Crotch Mahogany*
Mahogany, Honduras

Swietenia Macrophylla, South American Mahogany, Zopilote Gateado, Araputanga, Aguano, Acajou, Mogno (Meliaceae)

Honduras, Central America, Northern South America
Heartwood ranges from light to dark reddish-brown in color. Grain is straight to interlocked. It's texture is medium to coarse and uniform. Dries rapidly and well, but kiln drying can result in a high rate of shrinkage. Small movement. Weight is about 35 to 40lbs pcf / sg .54 - .64
Low stiffness and resistance to shock. Moderately good steam bending characteristics. Works easily with hand and power tools. Takes glue, nails and screws well. Stains and polishes to an excellent finish. Sapwood is susceptible to attack by common furniture beetle. Heartwood is durable.
High-class furniture & cabinetmaking, boat interiors, musical instruments, pattern making, carving, turning, veneers.


Birdseye Maple *


Maple

Acer Saccharum, Black Maple, Black Sugar Maple, Hard Maple, Hard Rock Maple, Rock Maple, Sugar Maple (Aceraceae)

United States and Canada
Sapwood is white with a reddish tinge. The heartwood color is uniformly light reddish brown. Texture is fine and even and usually has a straight grain, sometimes curly or wavy. Dries slowly with little degradation. Medium movement. Weight averages about 45lbs pcf / sg .72
High bend & crush strength. Medium stiff. Excellent for steam bending. Difficult to work. Moderate dulling effect on blades. Wavy or curly grains require a reduced cutting angle. Pre-drilling required for nailing and screwing. Takes stain, glue and polish well. High resistance to abrasion. Sapwood is susceptible to attack by furniture beetle. Defects caused by insects are sometimes found.
Bowling pins, decorative veneer, flooring, handles, windows, casks, drum sticks, fine furniture, cabinets, cutting boards & blocks, turning

Quartersawn Brown Oak

Quercus Petraea, European Oak, Sessile Oak, Durmast Oak, Pedunculate Oak, Rovere, Quercia, Chene, Eiche, Eik,(Fagaceae)

U.K. and Europe, Asia Minor & North Africa
Brown Oak results from fungal attack (Fistulina Hepatica) on the growing tree, causing the heartwood to turn a rich deep brown. It is usually straight grained, but can have broad rayed silver grained figure on quaratered surfaces. Weight & density vary depending on growing conditions & country of origin. Weight btwn: 42-45lbs pcf / sg btwn .67 - .72
Good steam bending but liable to bluestain when in contact with iron compounds. Moderate to severe blunting effect. Quartered stock requires a 20 degree planing or moulding angle. Takes waxing, liming, fuming & polishing treatments very well. Dries very slowly w/a tendency to split & check. Medium movement. Heartwood is durable, but the acidic nature of oak will cause corrision of metals in direct contact.
The pores of "White Oaks" resist the passage of liquids & renders the wood ideal for tight cooperage for wine & liquors. Also good for all types of marine work. Furniture, both for the home & institutional; cabinets & veneers.

Red Oak*

Quercus Rubra, Northern Red Oak, Gray Oak, American Red Oak, Canadian Red Oak, Spanish Oak, Swamp Red Oak, Cherrybark Oak, Shumard Red Oak (Fagaceae)

Eastern Canada & U.S.
Pinkish to light reddish brown or light brown. The grain is usually straight and open. Red oaks grown in the north are less coarse textured than the faster-grown red oak from the southern states. Large pores tend to produce strong contrast in staining. Weight is around 48lbs pcf / sg .77
High crush, medium bend and stiffness. Very good steam bending wood. Moderate blunting on cutters. Density varies. Gluing results vary and nailing may require pre-drilling. Takes stain well and polishes to a good finish. Dries slowly with checking, splitting and honeycombing. Needs care in air or kiln drying. Medium movement. Susceptible to insect attack. Sapwood is permeable.
Flooring, heavy construction, shipbuilding, cabinets, musical instruments, drum sticks and fine furniture. Not suitable for exterior work.  


White Oak

Quercus Alba, Appalachian Oak, Arizona Oak, Swamp Chestnut Oak, Overcup Oak, Chestnut Oak, Cucharillo, Encino, Mamecillo, Roble, Stave Oak (Fagaceae)

Eastern U.S. & Southeastern Canada
Light tan to pale yellow brown, and may have a pinkish tinge. It is similar to European oak. White Oak is somewhat more figured than Red Oak. The grain is open and the texture is medium to coarse. Weight averages 46lbs pcf / sg .76
Medium bend & crush strength. Makes it an excellent steam bending wood. Pre-boring is a good idea, but it takes nails & screws well. Gluing results vary. Stains well and polishes to a good finish. Dries slowly with tendency for checking, splitting and honeycombing. Requires careful air or kiln drying. Medium movement. Logs are subject to severe insect attack.
Flooring, exterior trim & siding, furniture components, interior construction and trim, paneling, and cabinets

African Padauk*

Pterocarpus Soyauxii, Mbe, Mbil, Mututi, Ngula, Bosulu, Camwood, Barwood, Corail (Leguminosae)

Cameroon, Zaire, Angola, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon and Nigeria
Medium to fairly large tree attaining a height of 100 ft with a diameter of 3 ft. Color is vivid reddish-orange initially, but changes over time to bright red or coral pink with dark streaks . The grain is generally straight to somewhat interlocked. Texture is as fine to medium. Weight between 40 & 50lbs pcf / sg .72
Excellent strength characteristics. Machines very easily. Nails, screws, and glues very well. Polishes easily to a excellent finish. Heartwood is very durable and moderately resistant to preservative treatment. Dries quickly & well with minimal degradation. Exceptionally small movement. High scuffing resistance make it an excellent flooring timber. Due to its excellent dimensional stability, it is suitable with under-floor heating systems.
Cabinetmaking, carvings, handles, high quality furniture, flooring, paddles & oars.

Poplar

Populus Serotina, Robusta, Finnish Aspen, Swedish Aspen, French Aspen, European Black Poplar, Black Italian Poplar, Cucumber (Salicaceae)

Europe
Heartwood is usually creamy-white to gray in color, sometimes pale brown or pinkish-brown. Grain is typically straight. Texture is fine and even. Weight varies from 23 to 33lbs pcf / sg .45
Low stiffness & shock resistance. Low bend & medium crush. Poor steam bending properties. Sharp, thin cutters are required to overcome the texture and produce a good finish. Nailing and screwing are okay. Takes stain poorly. Takes paint, varnish and polish well. Dries rapidly, but knots will split. Perishable and susceptible to insect attack. Sapwood is permeable.
Suitable for rough usage such as the bottoms of wagons and carts. Also used in furniture framing, drawers, toys, flooring, boxes and crates

Purpleheart

Peltogyn Pubescens, Amarante, Violetwood, Koroboreli, Saka, Sakavalli, Pau roxo, Nazareno, Morado, Tananeo, Palo morado, Guarabu (Leguminosae)

Central & Latin America
A deep purple-violet when freshly cut, maturing to a dark brown. The original color returns when re-cut. The grain is typically straight and the texture is rather coarse . Weight between 50 to 60lbs per cu. ft. / sg .86
High bending strength. Medium resistance to shock loads. Moderate steam bending properties. Difficult to work. Moderate to severe blunting of cutters. Run material slowly through machines equipped with HSS knives. Pre-drilling needed for nailing. Takes glue well. Stains and wax polishes easily. Very durable. Takes a high polish. (Spirit based finishes remove the purple color. Lacquer based finishes preserve the color.)
Billiard-cues, cabinetmaking, carvings, fine furniture, handles, marine construction, marquetry, flooring, countertops and stair rails

Redwood (Sequoia)*

Sequoia Sempervirens, Californian Redwood, Vavona Burr (Taxodiaceae)

United States
Dull Reddish-brown with a distinct growth ring figure produced by contrasting earlywood and latewood zones. Straight grained, with fine even texture. Non-resinous & non-tainting. Weight is 26lbs per cu. ft. / sg .42
Extreme range of properties dependent on frowth rates. At best it has low bend, crush, and shock resistance. Very low stiffness. Works well with hand & power tools. Poor nail-holding ability, but glues, paints & finishes well.Durable but subject to longhorn beetle and pinhole borer. Kiln dry with care to avoid collapse; but air dries with little degradation & small movement.
Exterior siding, shingles, vats, organs, furniture, posts, veneers.

Brazilian Rosewood*

Dalbergia Nigra, Bahia Rosewood, Rio Rosewood, Jacaranda, Jacaranda da Bahia, Jacaranda Preto, Palissander, Palissander du Brazil (Leguminosae)

Brazil
Varies from chocolate or violet-brown to violet streaked w/black, often w/variegated streaks of golden brown. Oily & gritty to the touch, the grain is mostly straight, though sometimes wavy. Weight is 47-56lbs pcf / sg .85

High strength in all areas except stiffness. Good steam bending characteristics. Difficult to work, with severe blunting; requires pre-boring for nails & screws. Difficult to glue due to oily grain; however, w/care, can be brought to a beautiful finish. Has a tendency to check when air dried; but little degradation w/kilning. Small movement. Very durable; heartwood resists rot.

Note: dust from working this wood can cause skin irritation.

High quality cabinets, furniture & interior joinery, marquetry, interior fittings, veneer. This wood is highly sought-after and is very hard to obtain. We have only legacy flitches - when they are gone they're gone.

Satinwood*

Chloroxylon Swietenia, E. Indian Satinwood, Nigerian Satinwood, Burutu, Bhera, Behra, Mutirai (Rutaceae)

Central & South India, Sri Lanka, Nigeria
Golden yellow maturing to golden brown w/darker steaks. Lustrous, fragrant & smooth.Grain is narrowly interlocked and variegated, w/mottled, roe or ribbon-striped figure, or broken striped. Also "bee's wing" cross mottling. Liable to gum viens & cup shakes. Texture is fine & even. Weight is 60lbs pcf / sg .98
High bend & crush strengh, medium stiffness & low shock resistance. Rather difficult to work; w/moderate blunting effects. Must pre-bore for nailing & difficult to glue. Stains & polishes very well w/little fill. Must be protected from rapid drying. It has a tendence to surface cracking, w/warping or twisting when drying. Air drying of girdled trees is recommended. Kiln dries well w/little degradation. Small movement. Durable but not resistant to termites. Subject to marine borers.
High quality cabinets, furniture & interior joinery, marquetry, interior fittings, veneer.  

Quilted American Sycamore

Platanus Occidentalis, American Plane, London Plane, English Plane, French Plane, etc., according to origin. (Platanaceae)

U.S. & Canada
The heartwood is light reddish-brown with very conspicuous and numerous broad rays present on quartered material, which show against the light colored background as a decorative fleck figure. The wood is straight grained with a fine to medium texture. Some logs are much lighter in colour, pale pinkish-brown, with a small, irregular, darker colored core. Weight 39lbs pcf / sg .62
Medium strength in most categories and low stiffness making it a very good steam bending wood. Works well with hand and machine tools, but there is a moderate blunting effect on cutters, and a tendency to bind on saws. The wood glues well and stains and polishes, with care, to an excellent finish. Dries fairly rapidly without much splitting but with a tendency to distort; small movement. Perishable. Sapwood is liable to attack by the common furniture beetle, but is permeable for preservation treatment.
Furniture and cabinetmaking, joinery, carriage interiors, light construction and paneling; and ornamental inlay work on boxes and furniture. It is an excellent turnery wood for fancy and decorative items. Selected logs are cut to produce lacewood, the highly decorative flecked surface ideal for paneling and cabinet interiors, desks, etc. Plane and lacewood are treated chemically to produce a form of harewood, in which the background color becomes silver grey but the flecked rays retain their original color. Used for marquetry work.

Teak

Tectona Grandis, Pahi, Mai Sak, Sagwan, Tek, tekku, kyun, Sagon, Tegina, Tadi, Jati Sak, Djati, Gia Thi (Verbenaceae)

Native to: Burma & Southeast Asia. Introduced to the Carribean and East & West Africa
Heartwood is a uniform golden brown w/o markings. Grain is usually straight to slightly wavy. Texture is coarse, uneven & oily to the touch. Weight between 38 & 43lbs pcf / sg .65
Medium bend & high crush strength. Low stiffness & shock resistance. Brittle w/great dimensional stability. Medium steam bending properties. Medium cutting resistance w/severe blunting effect. Must pre-drill for nailing. Gluing is good on freshly planed or sanded surfaces. Stains well and takes a satisfactory finish, especially an oil finish. Very durable. Acid and fire resistant but susceptible to insects. Some find fine machine dust can be an irritant.
Decking, rails, hatches, etc. for ship & boat building; furniture & cabinetmaking, flooring, garden furniture & decking, plywood, and decorative veneers.

American Walnut

Juglans Nigra, American Black Walnut, Eastern Black Walnut, Nogal, Nuez meca, Tocte, Virginia Walnut, Canaletto, Black Hickory Nut (Juglandaceae)

U.S. & Canada
Varies from light grayish brown to deep chocolate brown to an almost black purplish brown. The grain is slightly open and usually straight, but may be wavy or irregular. Texture is usually coarse, but uniform. Surface is generally dull, but develops a lustrous patina after many years in use. Weight averages 40lbs pcf / sg .64
A medium density wood, tough & hard; w/moderate bend & crush. Stiffness is low. Good steam bending properties. Can be worked easily with hand or power tools. Takes nails and screws well. Glues satisfactorily. Good finishing characteristics. Very durable. Sapwood is susceptible to attack by powder post beetle. Heartwood is to biodegradation.
A standard for gunstocks. Used widely in high-quality furniture, cabinetmaking, musical instruments, clocks, boatbuilding, turning and carving.

Wenge, (Panga Panga)

Millettia Stuhlmannii (or Laurentii) Jambire, Messara, Mpande, Awoung, Awong, Palisandre Du Congo, Dikela, Mibotu, Bokonge, Awong, Dikela, Tshikalakala, Nson-so (Leguminosae)

E. Africa
Heartwood is dark brown to almost black with alternate layers of light and dark tissue; sapwood yellowish white & clearly marked. Texture is rather coarse; grain is straight. It weighs 52-62lbs pcf / sg .91
Heavy, dense & has a high bending strength & resistance to shock, w/medium crush strength & low stiffness. Low steam bending classification. Material works fairly well with machine tools and with moderate blunting effect. Nailing requires pre-boring. When filled, it can be brought to a satisfactory finish. It seasons well & rapidly with little degradation. Durable and resistant to termites.
Flooring, joinery,furniture, cabinetry & general woodworking. An excellent turning wood, Decorative & paneling veneers

Zebrawood

Microberlinia Brazzavillensis, African zebrawood, Allene ele, Zebrano, Zingana, Amouk (Leguminosae)

Gabon, Cameroon, & Congo
A very large tree attaining a height of 150 ft with a diameter of 7 ft. Wood is light golden-yellow with streaks of dark brown to black, and produces alternating hard and soft grained material. Has a high luster, and the grain is usually interlocked with a medium to coarse texture and good finishing characteristics. Weight is about 46lbs pcf / sg .74
Works easily with hand and power tools, although its alternating grain structure makes it difficult to achieve a good machine finish. Gluing is satisfactory with care. Finishes well when filled. Difficult to dry and requires care in order to avoid surface checking, splitting and distortion. Small movement. Non-durable. Susceptible to insect attack. Resistant to preservative treatment. A belt sander will achieve a smooth machine finish.
Decorative veneer, furniture, dowels, lamps, cabinets & gun stocks.
*Botanical names are in bold; (family classification in italics & parenthesis;) "sg"=specific gravity; "pcf"=per cubic foot; Uses are for the species itself, not the veneer; *Green asterisk denotes special order; *Blue asterisk denotes the veneer in question is in the form of "flitches" – all other veneer is 10 mil PAPER BACKED.
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